Teachers in the Philippines


If you ask me before studying this module, if teachers are professional? I would say yes. I thought that to be a professional teacher you just need to finish a degree in education and then pass the licensure exams for teachers. That is how I perceive teacher professionalism before this module. This module made me realize that it takes more than just a degree and license to be a professional teacher.

I also have different definition of professionalism before studying this module. I thought that professionalism is based on appearance, interaction to other people or educational attainment. We all have preconceive notion of what and how professionals should do and act. In the module, professionalism has been defined in many ways. According to Forsyth and Danisiewicx (1985), the task of professionals is important, exclusive and complex, so professionals should have the autonomous decision-making power free from external pressures. According to David Carr, there are five criteria of professionalism. They are:(a) professions provide an important public service, (b) they involve a theoretically as well as practically grounded expertise, (c) they have a distinct ethical dimension which calls for expression in a code of practice, (d) they require organization and regulation for purposes of recruitment and discipline and, (e) professional practitioners require a high degree of individual autonomy- independence of judgment for effective practice.

I always believe that teachers here in the Philippines are professionals but if we based this on the given definition they are far from being professional. The education system here in the Philippines is manage and regulated by the different sectors of the government. They are in charge in creating the curriculum and the teaching materials to be used. Aside from these, there are times that teachers are not treated as professionals because they are not paid as much as other professionals. According to an article by Rappler, Philippine Military Academy cadets and call center agents get higher monthly salaries than a public-school teacher: PMA cadet gets P21,709 per month and call center agents gets to take home – P15,000 to P25,000 per month. These is why a lot teachers are in debt or they choose to work abroad or they seek employment from other fields to cope with the salary gap. These are just some of the factors that hinder teachers to be called professionals.

As a future educator, I am hoping that there would be changes on our education system. Good thing that there are a lot of legislators who are taking a step to increase teachers’ salary and benefits. Hopefully, teachers will also be given a bigger role in education and not just a conveyor of information and knowledge to students. These would help in improving teachers’ skills and competence and this will also help in their professional and teaching development.



Geronimo, J.Y. (2014, August 16). INFOGRAPHIC: How much are public school teachers getting? Rappler RSS. Retrieve from

Forsyth, P. B., Danisiewicz, T. J. (1985). Toward a theory of    professionalization. Work and Occupations, 121 (1), 59-76.

David, C. (2000). Professionalism and Ethics in Teaching. London: Taylor&Francis Books Ltd.

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Reflective Teaching Practice


My definition of reflection before studying this module focuses more on the person doing the reflection. I thought that it was more on knowing and improving yourself. I did not really realize that aside from helping yourself it could also create a big difference to others. According to Scales, reflection is the key to successful learning for teachers and for learners. Reflection enables teachers to evaluate their practice and identify the things that he/she needs to improve or change. Another reason for reflective practice is that it encourages teachers to understand their learners and their needs and abilities (Scales, 2008).

A reflective practice can be done by creating a journal or blog or you can create Professional Development Journal (PDJ), were you can record your experiences and feelings about the preparation and delivering of teaching and learning (Scales, 2008). The PDJ can help teachers be updated to their learning. It can also help teachers in keeping progress on their professional development.

This module also emphasizes the importance and advantages of critically reflective teacher. According to Brookfield, Critical reflection is crucial for teachers’ survival. Hence, it is important to incorporate reflection in their teaching practice to avoid demoralization and self-laceration. Based on experience, this is very common to new teachers. They tend to blame themselves if students are failing or if they receive low scores on students’ evaluation. They would automatically think that their teaching method is lacking and it could result to depression. That is why it is important that the teacher creates a reflective journal to avoid this negativity and just focus on the positive things.

After studying this module, it made me realize how important reflective practice to a teacher. It helps teacher to understand themselves more and create a strategy that could help in developing his/her career as an educator. It is also a big help to the learners because the teachers can create a better teaching method that could help in developing their learning. It is also important that the as educators we are open-minded and ready to embrace the changes not just for our students but most especially to ourselves.


Scales, P. (2008). The reflective teacher. Teaching in the learning sector, 7 – 26. Maidenhead, Berkshire: Open University Press.

Brookfield, S. D. (1995). What it means to be a critically reflective teacher (Chap. 1). Becoming a critically reflective teacher (pp. 1-27). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Brookfield, S. D. (1995). Becoming critically reflective (Chap. 2). Becoming a critically reflective teacher (pp. 28-48). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.